Chapman’s Orthopaedic Surgery
3rd Edition

I
Iliac crest
graft harvesting from
surgical approach to
vascularized
Iliac crest flap, osteocutaneous
Iliac spine, avulsion fracture of, in pediatric patients
Iliac wing
nonunion of
surgical approach to
Iliofemoral approach, to pelvis
Ilioinguinal approach, to acetabulum
Iliolumbar ligaments
disruption of
vertical shear injury of
Iliopsoas recession/lengthening, in cerebral palsy
Iliopsoas release, for hip flexor spasticity
Iliotibial band, Ober release of, for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Iliotibial band friction syndrome
Iliotibial tract, Yount fasciotomy of, for Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Ilium See also Pelvis
avulsion fracture of, pediatric
bone harvesting from, complications of
fracture of
crescent
internal fixation of
cable
percutaneous
graft harvesting from
lateral compression injury of
osteomyelitis of
pediatric
tumors of See Pelvis, tumors of
Ilizarov fixator See also External fixation
Italian modification of
pediatric use of
Ilizarov technique See also Distraction osteogenesis
in achondroplasia
anatomic considerations in
femoral
foot
humeral
tibial
in deformity correction
angulation/translation
center of rotation hinge technique in
complex
distraction vs. conventional osteotomy and
indications for
knee laxity
malalignment test in
multiapical angular
osteotomy level in
parameters of deformity and
preoperative planning for
push-pull construct in
and rate of correction
drilling in
fixation bolt method in
for fracture
application of
biomechanics of
complications of
of lower extremity
stabilization technique in
subacute
of upper extremity
free tissue transfer and
hinge placement in
for leg length discrepancy
for malunion
muscle positioning in
for nonunion
angulated
atrophic
hypertrophic
oblique
with shortening
with rotational malalignment
with segmental defect
with shortening
with translational malalignment
pin insertion in
reciprocal rule of triangles in
rule of concentric circles in
rule of similar triangles in
rule of thumbs in
skin considerations in
skin tension in
for tibial nonunion
with segmental bone defects
wire fixation in
wire tensioning in
Imaging techniques See also specific techniques
algorithm for
ancillary
overview of
selection of
special
standard
Imhauser osteotomy
Imipenem
for hand infections
Imipenem/cilastin
Immune response
Immunity
acquired
innate
Immunization
for hepatitis C
tetanus
Immunosuppression
infection in
transfusion and
Impaction grafting
in revision hip arthroplasty
in revision knee arthroplasty
Impingement
in ankle, arthroscopic treatment of
in elbow, debridement arthroplasty for
Implant
absorbable
for foot fractures
bacterial adherence to
care of
ceramic
composite
fixation See specific type, e.g., Wire fixation
in hip osteotomy
breakage of
intra-articular
removal of
infection of
antibiotic prophylaxis for
diagnosis of
distant infection and
drainage from
in elbow arthroplasty
free tissue transfer in
in healed fracture
microbiology of
pathogenesis of
pathophysiology of
prevention of
in shoulder total arthroplasty
in total hip arthroplasty
in total knee arthroplasty
joint See specific joint
materials for
elastic modulus of
failure of
fatigue in
structural properties of
wear in
metallic See also Metallic implant
modular oncology, in limb salvage, in knee tumors
polymer
removal of
in total joint arthroplasty See under specific procedure
Implantable pump, for intrathecal opioids
Incision See also Surgical approach
ankle
knee
in open fracture debridement
pararectus, for lumbosacral spine
technique for
Index finger See under Finger
Index ray resection
Indium, for bone scan See also Bone scan
Indomethacin, for heterotopic ossification prophylaxis
after acetabular fracture
Infant Active Movement Scale
Infants See Pediatric patients
Infection See also specific sites and types
bite wound
cellulitis
diagnosis of
culture of
laboratory studies in
molecular investigation in
radiologic studies in
factors affecting
bacteria-determined
patient-determined
surgeon-determined
of finger
of foot, in diabetes
gangrenous
of hand
immune response in
implant See also Implant, infection of
of knee
in arthrodesis
postoperative
necrotizing fasciitis
nonunion and
nosocomial
nutritional status and
opportunistic
in HIV-infected hemophiliacs
overview of
pedicle screw
pin site
postoperative
in spina bifida
in spinal surgery
prevention of
antibiotics for See also Antibiotic(s), prophylactic
infection control measures for
skin preparation for
surgical technique in
universal precautions for
in shoulder arthrodesis
signs and symptoms of
skin preparation and
of spine See also Spinal infection
in stenosis surgery
stump
of surgeon, prevention of
in total arthroplasty
diagnosis of
revision for
in total elbow arthroplasty
in total hip arthroplasty
diagnosis of
in total knee arthroplasty
transfusion-related
treatment of See also Antibiotic(s); Antifungals
Infection control, in operating room
Inferior vena cava filtration, after pelvic fracture repair
Inflammation
Inflammatory arthritis, photodynamic therapy for
Infrapatellar contraction syndrome
Infrapatellar tendon, rupture of, repair of
Infraspinatus muscle
Injection injury
arterial
of hand
Inlay bone graft
in kyphosis surgery
Innervation density tests
Innominate
anatomy of
modified osteotomy of
Salter osteotomy of
in developmental dysplasia of hip
in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease
surgical approach to
triple osteotomy of, in developmental dysplasia of hip
Instruments
bone awls
bone-cutting forceps
bone drills
bone-holding
bone hooks
bone rasps
bone saws
bone tamps
care of
chisels
curets
gouges
mallets
osteotomes
periosteal elevators
plate benders
powered
retractors
rongeurs
screwdrivers
sets of
soft tissue forceps
Insulin, perioperative administration of
Interference-fit fixation, of tendon
Interbody fusion See also Spinal fusion
anterior
cervical
Bailey-Badgley technique for
Cloward technique for
Robinson technique for
Simmons technique for
lumbar See also Anterior lumbar interbody fusion
for spondylolisthesis
cage
biomechanical evaluation of
in kyphosis surgery
for tumor defects
posterior lumbar
for adult scoliosis
in adult scoliosis
for degenerative disc disease
indications for
technique in
technique in
surgical options for
transfemoral lumbar
Intercostal nerve transfer, brachial plexus injury and
Intercostobrachial neuralgia, thoracic outlet surgery and
Interdigital neuroma
adjacent
diagnosis of
as entrapment neuropathy
in fused foot
literature review for
pathophysiology of
preoperative management of
recurrent
symptoms of
treatment of
nonoperative
operative
pitfalls and complications of
principles of
surgical technique in
Interlaminar clamp, in atlantoaxial arthrodesis
Interlocking nail See also Intramedullary nailing
for humeral shaft fracture
for intertrochanteric fracture
Internal disc derangement, anterior lumbar interbody fusion for
Internal disc disruption
Internal fixation
of acromioclavicular dislocation
of acromion fracture
in children
of clavicle fracture
vs. closed treatment
contraindications to
of coracoid process
of coronoid process fracture
of distal femoral fracture
of distal humeral fracture
and biomechanics
with external fixation
of femoral neck fracture
of femoral neck nonunion
of glenoid cavity fracture
of glenoid neck fracture
of humeral shaft fracture
infection in
forearm fractures and
ischemia and
of Monteggia fracture-dislocation
nail See also Intramedullary nailing
of olecranon fracture
and biomechanics
of open fractures
of pelvic fracture
and postoperative complications
pin See also Pin fixation
plate See also Plate fixation
of proximal humeral fracture
of pylon fracture
of radial and ulnar shaft fractures
screw See also Screw fixation
for superior shoulder suspensory complex displacement
wire See Wire fixation
Interphalangeal joint (foot)
dislocation of
proximal, arthroplasty of, for hammer toe
surgical approach to
Interphalangeal joint (hand)
dislocation of, classification of
distal
arthrodesis of, indications for
dislocation of
extensor tendon injury and
mucous cyst of, linear nail ridging and
osteoarthritis of
psoriatic arthritis of
extension of, ulnar nerve palsy and
proximal
arthrodesis of, indications for
arthroplasty of
burn contracture of
cerebral palsy and
dislocation of
assessment of
dorsal
lateral
palmar
pathophysiology of
rotary
treatment principles for
extensor tendon injury and
fracture-dislocation of
splint for
after tendon transfer, for median nerve palsy
volar plate rupture of
thumb, arthrodesis of, indications for
Interposition arthroplasty, of elbow
Interrupted sutures
Intersection syndrome
Interspinous ligament
Interstitial nephritis, antibiotic-associated
Intertrochanteric osteotomy See also Intertrochanteric osteotomy
for arthritis
indications for
for osteoarthritis
with periacetabular osteotomy
preoperative evaluation and planning for
results of
for slipped capital femoral epiphysis
valgus-extension
varus derotation, in developmental dysplasia
varus-extension
overcorrection in
Intervertebral disc
age-related changes in
cervical
disorders of See Cervical disc disease
degeneration of See Degenerative disc disease
dehydration of
disorders of See Cervical disc disease; Degenerative disc disease; Lumbar disc herniation
lateral approach to
soft
structure of
test models of
Intracapsular osteotomy, for slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Intramedullary nailing See also Internal fixation
advantages and disadvantages of
with cerclage wiring
of clavicle fracture
of closed fractures
for congenital tibial pseudarthrosis
cross-locking screws in
placement of
delayed union with
of distal femoral fracture
draping for
embolization in
entry sites for
of femoral fracture
in children
of femur
draping for
for malunion
in metastatic disease
fracture reduction for
free-hand targeting in
of hip, draping for
of humeral fracture
nonunion and
of humerus, in metastatic disease
indications for
of intertrochanteric fracture
in knee arthrodesis
nail malposition in
nail removal in
nails for
reaming for
size of
types of See also Nails
nerve injury in
of nonunions
nonunion with
of olecranon fracture
of open fractures
pitfalls and complications in
postoperative care in
of radial and ulnar shaft fractures
reaming in
revascularization after
of subtrochanteric fracture
of subtrochanteric nonunion
technique of
of tibial fracture
draping for
of tibial nonunion
timing of
Intramedullary osteotomy, closed, for femoral shaft malunion
Intramedullary pin fixation, of clavicle nonunion
Intramuscular transposition, for neuroma
Intraosseous transposition, for neuroma
Intrathecal anesthesia See also Anesthesia
implantable pump for
Intravenous pyelogram, pelvic fracture and
Intravenous regional block See also Anesthesia
for chronic pain
Intrinsic contracture
anatomic considerations of
complications of
connective tissue disease and
diagnosis of
lumbrical
moderate
severe
spastic
after terminal tendon injury
Intubation, endotracheal
preoperative assessment for
Irrigation
antibiotic
for osteomyelitis
of open fracture
wound
Ischemia
arterial
in compartment syndrome
prophylactic fasciotomy for
bone, internal fixation and
Volkmann’s contracture and See also Volkmann’s contracture
Ischemic brain injury See Brain injury
Ischemic necrosis See Osteonecrosis
Ischial tuberosity, avulsion fracture of, in pediatric patients
Ischiopubic approach, to pelvis
Ischium See also Pelvis
avulsion fracture of, pediatric
osteomyelitis of
pediatric
percutaneous fixation of
surgical approach to
tumors of See Pelvis, tumors of
Island flap
for combined nerve palsy
for thumb repair
Ismelin’s disease, in adolescent athletes
ISOLA instrumentation
for anterior scoliosis surgery
for posterior scoliosis surgery
Isoniazid
for septic arthritis
for spinal tuberculosis
Isthmic spondylolisthesis